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    Hysterectomy in Poland

    Treatment description

    What is hysterectomy?

    Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure in which the uterus is removed. This treatment is carried out at 300 per 100 000 women. The uterus is cut out mainly because of the occurrence of irregular bleeding, cervical dysplasia, endometriosis and uterine prolapse. Only 10% of hysterectomy operations are to get rid of cancer in the uterus. Fibroids are by far the leading cause of hysterectomy. Fibroids are benign growths in the uterus, their the cause is unknown. Although the vast majority of them are benign, or not subject to transform into uterine cancer, they can cause health problems.

    Before surgery

    Indications for hysterectomy in the case of uterine fibroids are: the large size of the fibroids, pressure, and pain and/or bleeding severe enough to cause anemia. Pelvis flaccidness is another reason for hysterectomy. In this case, the woman experiences muscle and tissue relaxation around the pelvis. Mild flaccidness can cause first degree prolapse, in which the cervix is ​​half way down into the vagina. In the second stage the cervix of the uterus or edge moves into the vagina and the cervix in the third stage protrudes into the vagina. Uterine prolapse of the second and third degree should be treated with hysterectomy.

    Loosening, weakening of vaginal walls can lead to symptoms such as urinary incontinence, a feeling of heaviness in the pelvis and impaired sexual performance. Urine loss seems to be heightened by sneezing, coughing or laughing. Age is likely to increase the risk of pelvic prolapse, although the exact causes of the disease remain unclear. Avoiding natural births and the use of caesarean section does not eliminate the risk of uterine prolapse. Hysterectomy is also used in the case of cervical cancer and precancerous conditions.

    Types of hysterectomy

    Total abdominal hysterectomy – the most common type of hysterectomy. A doctor removes the uterus and cervix. The cutting can be horizontal or vertical depending on the cause of the operation. Ovarian and uterine cancer, endometriosis and large fibroids classify for hysterectomy. It may be conducted in the case of chronic pelvic pain. After such treatment a woman cannot have more children, so women of childbearing potential do not have this surgery unless the cause is serious.

    Vaginal Hysterectomy – During this procedure, the uterus is removed through the vagina. It is used for prolapse of the uterus, endometrial hyperplasia, or cervical dysplasia.

    Vaginal hysterectomy, laparoscopically-assisted – the treatment is similar to that described above, but with the use of a laparoscope. This procedure is used primarily for the early forms of endometrial cancer and the removal of the ovaries. This operation is more expensive, longer, and requires a longer hospital stay.

    Hysterectomy  above the vagina – the uterus is removed through surgery, but the cervix is spared. This is an area located at the very end (top) vagina. The procedure probably doesn’t completely rule out cancer in the cervix left behind. In some cases it is better to leave the cervix, eg in cases of severe endometriosis. It is a simpler and faster procedure to be performed. It may result in additional support for the vagina, reducing the risk of vaginal prolapse.

    Laparoscopic hysterectomy above the vagina- during this procedure is usually uses burning to cut off the neck of the uterus, and all tissues are removed laparoscopic instruments. Recovery is very fast.

    Radical hysterectomy – surgery covers the tissue around the uterus and the higher part of the vagina. It is used in the early stages of cervical cancer. Complications include intestinal injury and urinary tract infections.

    Preparing for hysterectomy

    Before surgery, the patient goes through a gynecological and cytology exam. Before performing a hysterectomy a biopsy is done to rule out cancer. There is also an ultrasound and computed tomography performed. Premenopausal women that bleed but do not have pain, most often you will first non-hormonal treatment or hormonal. Postmenopausal women who do not have cancerous changes in the uterus, but they have abnormal bleeding despite hormonal therapy may consider the removal of the uterus. In the past, hysterectomy was performed through an incision in the abdomen. Currently, most of the operations performed laparoscopically.

    Complications after hysterectomy

    may include: infection, pain, bleeding. Women who have had abnormal cytology testing should have tests performed their whole lifetime. If the cervix is ​​removed, examined vaginal smear is needed because the cancer may return.

    Prices

    The prices stated are estimates taken based on todays exchange rates of GBP and EUR. Upon dental consultation an exact quote will be given taking into consideration all details of the Patients treatment. The destination where you choose to receive your treatment small Affect the overall cost of your treatment. Go to Destinations to check prices from Particular city.

    Treatment time

    The surgery takes about two hours.

    After treatment

    After the procedure, you must follow a diet that is easily digestible and highly nutritious. Symptoms that may occur after surgery, which should eventually yield themselves are: thickening around the scar, slight pains, pulling sensation, numbness in the lower abdomen, low-grade fever, vaginal spotting or weakness. Recovery takes about eight weeks, but for at least half a year the patient should not work physically or even carry loads greater than 5 kg.

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